Mar 18, 2008 (CIDRAP News) – The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) today warned that H5N1 avian influenza levels in Indonesia’s poultry are so high that conditions may be ripe for the type of viral mutation that could spark an influenza pandemic.”I am deeply concerned that the high level of virus circulation in birds in the country could create conditions for the virus to mutate and to finally cause a human influenza pandemic,” said Joseph Domenech, the FAO’s chief veterinary officer, in a press release today.Also, new H5N1 virus strains have recently emerged in Indonesia that might limit the effectiveness of the poultry vaccines used there, Domenech said.He said that Indonesia has the world’s highest H5N1 mortality rate and that human cases will keep rising unless the country and its international partners do more to stamp out the virus in birds.The FAO said the disease has hit 31 of 33 provinces in Indonesia and is endemic in Java, Sumatra, Bali, and southern Sulawesi islands. About 20% of the country’s 1.4 billion chickens are spread among 30 million backyard flocks, putting them in close contact with people.Despite “major control efforts,” Indonesia has failed to contain the spread of the virus in poultry, Domenech said. “Indonesia is facing an uphill battle against a virus that is difficult to contain,” he said. “Major human and financial resources, stronger political commitment and strengthened coordination between central, province, and district authorities are required to improve surveillance and control measures.”Problems controlling the virus in Indonesia stem from a highly decentralized administration, poorly resourced national veterinary services, little collaboration with commercial poultry producers, and insufficient national and international financial and human resources, the FAO said. International donors have contributed $25 million to the effort so far, the agency reported.The emergence of the new H5N1 virus strains and the possible lapse in vaccine protection are under investigation by Indonesia’s agriculture ministry, with technical assistance from the FAO and World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) and financial assistance from the United States and Australia, the FAO said.”Also required are more investigations and the development of better poultry vaccines,” Domenech said.The FAO said it has helped train 1,350 “participatory disease surveillance and response teams” that are working to control avian flu in 193 of Indonesia’s 448 districts. By June, more than 2,000 response teams will be working in over 300 districts, the agency said.In other developments, agriculture officials in China recently informed Hong Kong’s Food and Health Bureau that the H5N1 virus struck birds in a poultry market in the city of Guangzhou, in southern China’s Guangdong province, according to an Associated Press (AP) report yesterday. Hong Kong officials said the outbreak is China’s fifth of the year, the report said.The outbreak at the Guangzhou market killed 114 birds, and 518 others were culled to control the disease, the AP reported.Elsewhere, veterinary officials in Vietnam announced on Mar 16 an outbreak in ducks in yet another province, Quang Nam in the central part of the country, according to a Mar 17 report by Thanh Nien News, a Vietnamese news service. The H5N1 virus struck 300 birds, and the remaining ducks, along with poultry on nearby farms, were culled.See also:Mar 18 FAO statement
Image courtesy of OLT Offshore LNG ToscanaItaly’s OLT Offshore LNG Toscana, the operator of the floating import terminal off the coast between Livorno and Pisa, said it has chosen the winner of an LNG cargo tender which attracted six offers.The tender launched on October 2 by OLT Offshore LNG Toscana was “successfully concluded with the awarding of the peak shaving service for the sixth consecutive year,” the LNG terminal operator said in its statement.The company that was awarded the service will provide Italy’s Snam Rete Gas with about 109,000 cubic meters of LNG, which will have to be discharged by the end of this year, OLT Offshore said without revealing any further information.OLT Offshore LNG Toscana, set up from the association of Iren Group (49.07%), Uniper Global Commodities (48.24%) and Golar LNG (2.69%), owns and manages the floating regasification terminal FSRU Toscana.At full capacity, the terminal has a regasification capacity of 3.75 billion cubic meters a year.
A judge has sentenced an Arkansas man to two life terms plus 835 years in prison for the fatal shooting of an off-duty police officer in northeast Arkansas.On Tuesday, a Crittenden County jury convicted 27-year-old Demarcus Donnell Parker of first-degree murder, illegally shooting a weapon from a vehicle and 21 related charges in the April 2018 shooting death of Forrest City officer Oliver Johnson, according to court documents.According to prosecutors, Parker was shooting at rival gang members outside of Johnson’s home in West Memphis when the officer was struck by a stray bullet.
London: The English pace duo of James Anderson and Stuart Broad are definitely not the youngest of the lot, but they have sights on the Ashes which will be played in Australia and both believe that is a series they can remain in shape for.“I don’t think I could go until your age,” Broad told Anderson in an Instagram live chat. “Your action’s so smooth, it looks a lot calmer on your body whereas mine is a little more forceful through my body I think.“But I’m loving the environment at the minute. I love playing for England. I still have huge motivation to keep playing and you just assess that year by year. And we’ve got that carrot dangling over us of Australia in Australia which looks like an achievable carrot to grab.”Anderson said that fitness was his prime focus. “The big thing is standards. If your standards feel like they’re dropping then yeah you might consider finishing,” Anderson said.“But as long as my standards stay high, my fitness levels stay good and my skills stay where I want them to be and my speed stays pretty good which they have been (I’ll keep playing).”Commenting on the batsman who troubled them most, both picked former South Africa skipper Graeme Smith.“Graeme Smith, I found an absolute nightmare. I wish I could have bowled at him having worked on my around the wicket stuff and try and draw him to drive through extra cover. But for me just over the wicket trying to swing it into the stumps, hopeless,” Broad said.Anderson echoed the sentiments and said: “I had exactly the same problem. When I first started, my first series against him was 2003 and all I could do then was swing the ball back in. I didn’t have an out-swinger to a left-hander and I couldn’t wobble the ball across him. So I was just feeding his strength. I just go so annoyed.” IANSAlso Read: I am still ambitious to play for England: James AndersonAlso Watch: Veterinary College in Guwahati creates hand sanitizers to fight the shortage of Sanitizers in Assam
The U-17 national team of Bosnia-Herzegovina gathered on Sunday at the Football Federation of BiH Training Center in Zenica, led for the first time by new selector Nermin Sabic.“A new challenge is ahead of me, but also a big commitment, given that this is our most successful selection, which has made it to the big competition three times. We have a lot of player monitoring to do. I hope this camp will serve us to have a clearer picture and better insight into what we have at our disposal. When the championship starts, we will follow other players and try to expand this base even more, ”said Sabic.Cadets will gather in Zenica until January 14th.