Hay that is stored outside is subject to wetting and drying cycles that lead to the degradation and leaching of nutrients from the bales. Over time, this causes the fiber (indigestible) component of the forage to represent a larger proportion of the bales dry weight. The loss of nutrients (Total Digestible Nutrients, or TDN) can often be as much as 15 to 20 percent in weathered bales. In between our recent rainstorms, most farmers have been able to get their hay cut, dried, baled and stored. For those who produce hay for on-farm use, hay production can be considered a necessary evil. The result is a fibrous, weathered layer that is very low in quality and unpalatable to livestock. Livestock can often be seen eating the middle out of these round bales leaving a “doughnut”-shaped bale. It is most certainly one of the most costly expenses on beef cattle operations, but in seasons where forages may be scarce, such as winter and summer, hay can be a precious commodity. There are many important factors in hay production that impact the cost, such as fertilizer, weed management, equipment, and time. Hay storage is another cost that must be considered.Regardless of how you store your hay, there will be a cost associated with it. You may not think so if you don’t have hay under an expensive storage barn, but even if your hay is sitting outside on the ground, that hay is costing you more and more every day due to loss of both nutritional value and dry matter. When bales are stored outside and uncovered, weathering may affect depths up to 12 inches. The depth will vary based on factors such as bales tightness (i.e. density), storage on unprotected ground, storage under trees and more. It is a general expectation, however, for a weathered layer of 4 to 6 inches for bales stored outside on the ground. This is important because the outer portions of bales make up for a disproportionate amount of the bale’s volume. Losses of only a few inches represent a substantial loss in terms of total bale volume. And, what you can feed your animal. In Georgia’s humid conditions, storage of hay for several months results in typical losses of 20 to 60 percent with twine and net-wrapped hay outside on shaded ground (compared to only 2 to 10 percent under a barn). Once you determine your hay’s value, you can see how much this is really costing you (and your animals) in the long run.To help mitigate losses on hay stored outdoors, run rows of hay bales on an upland site away from shade from trees. This speeds up the drying process. Place the bales with a north-south orientation and southern exposure. Set bales in rows so that the flat sides are touching — not the round sides. This keeps rain from ponding on top of bales. Also, keep rows at least three feet apart to allow for sunlight and good air circulation. Keeping bales off the ground, either by using pallets, crossties, or rocks, is critical in preventing substantial losses. For example, a weathered depth of only four inches on a 5-foot bale (seven percent in terms of cylinder volume) actually equals a 25 percent loss in terms of forage volume. Other studies have shown that losses of 14 inches on bales equates to losses of 74 percent, nearly three-fourths of a bale could be lost simply because it isn’t stored properly.Hay quality is a key component of animal performance, and proper hay storage is a key component of hay quality. Hay loss can be expected, even under a barn, so mitigation and risk management is the key to maintaining as much of your investment as possible. Building a hay barn can be expensive, but if you’re storing your hay on the ground in the elements, you are most assuredly paying for the cost of a barn and then some whether you want to or not.
A Rutland oral surgeon, Peter B Gray, was arraigned on October 18, 2010, in Vermont Superior Court, Criminal Division, Rutland County on 23 felony counts of Medicaid fraud, announced Attorney General William H. Sorrell.According to papers filed in court, Dr. Gray is accused of fraudulently billing Vermont Medicaid for diagnosing patients with non-existent dental cysts, and for services which he did not provide, including anesthesia and the removal of bone-impacted teeth.For each of the 23 Medicaid fraud charges, Dr. Gray faces a potential fine of up to $1,000.00 or an amount equal to twice the amount of payments obtained, or up to ten years in prison, or both. The court imposed standard conditions of release that govern Dr. Gray’s conduct while the case is pending.Source: Vermont Attorney General. 10.20.2010
It’s too early to present Duterte’s ‘legacy’ – Lacson “I went to the States because of San Beda, and I’m an American and that was my first time going to the US. I love everyone, from the security guards, to the janitors, to the teachers, everyone.” San Beda head coach Boyet Fernandez welcomed Bolick’s plan of staying.“The only advice I gave him is look at the future because it will always be better if he graduates,” said Boyet of the Marketing major. “I really appreciated that Robert took the other way and stayed with San Beda. I cannot ask for more, having Robert in my lineup next year will be good for us.”READ: WATCH: Get to know San Beda’s Robert Bolick in 7 questionsBolick is averaging 12.3 points, 5.7 rebounds, and 5.3 assists for the Red Lions, who are Final four bound for yet another year.He also posted similar numbers in the PBA D-League for Cignal with 12.2 points, 3.6 rebounds, and 3.3 assists.ADVERTISEMENT Steam emission over Taal’s main crater ‘steady’ for past 24 hours MOST READ Jake says relationship with Shaina ‘goes beyond physical attraction’ LATEST STORIES Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard PLAY LIST 02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite03:23Negosyo sa Tagaytay City, bagsak sa pag-aalboroto ng Bulkang Taal01:13Christian Standhardinger wins PBA Best Player award Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Photo by Tristan Tamayo/INQUIRER.netRobert Bolick postponed a potential career in the PBA as he chose to stay at San Beda for one more season.And the thing that made him choose school over professional hoops? That is the love for San Beda itself.ADVERTISEMENT Finals MVP Durant keeps launching shots, eager to be better Margot Robbie talks about filming ‘Bombshell’s’ disturbing sexual harassment scene Jake says relationship with Shaina ‘goes beyond physical attraction’ For the complete collegiate sports coverage including scores, schedules and stories, visit Inquirer Varsity. View comments Kiss-and-tell matinee idol’s conquests: True stories or tall tales? Jo Koy: My brain always wants to think funny OSG plea to revoke ABS-CBN franchise ‘a duplicitous move’ – Lacson Coco’s house rules on ‘Probinsyano’ set “I love the school,” said Bolick in Filipino after leading the Red Lions to a 73-68 win over rival Letran Friday at Filoil Flying V Centre in the NCAA Season 93 men’s basketball tournament.READ: NCAA: San Beda sends Letran to 3-way tie for 4th seed FEATURED STORIESSPORTSRedemption is sweet for Ginebra, Scottie ThompsonSPORTSMayweather beats Pacquiao, Canelo for ‘Fighter of the Decade’SPORTSFederer blasts lack of communication on Australian Open smog“I’ll just repeat what I’ve been saying all along, I was just a bench player when I started for San Beda and they’ve accepted with a full heart.”Bolick had planned on submitting his draft papers but ultimately decided against it. Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next