The TERRACE House / W design architecture studio

first_imgPhotographs:  JAMIE THOM Manufacturers Brands with products used in this architecture project Projects ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/939162/the-terrace-house-w-design-architecture-studio Clipboard “COPY” CopyHouses•Pretoria, South Africa Save this picture!© JAMIE THOM+ 18Curated by Hana Abdel Share ArchDaily The TERRACE House / W design architecture studioSave this projectSaveThe TERRACE House / W design architecture studio Photographs “COPY” Area:  850 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project center_img Manufacturers: Bentley Microstation, EasyLife Kitchens, GP Steelworks, NWT, Pronk Aluminium, TrimbleDesign Team:Johan Wentzel, Grete Van As, Andries Mouton, W designClients:Lourens + Elmie Janse Van RensburgEngineering:Tinus HugoLandscape:De Wet Louw Design and LandscapeConsultants:Erik PronkCity:PretoriaCountry:South AfricaMore SpecsLess SpecsSave this picture!© JAMIE THOMRecommended ProductsWoodBlumer LehmannFree Form Structures for Wood ProjectsResidential ApplicationsCymat Technologies Ltd.Hudson Valley Home, USA – Alusion™ Stabilized Aluminum FoamRenders / 3D AnimationEnscape3D Real-Time Rendering SoftwareWindowsOTTOSTUMM | MOGSWindow Systems – BronzoFinestra B40Text description provided by the architects. Waterkloof is a highly sought-after suburb of the city of Pretoria in South Africa, located on a hilltop to the east of the city centre. It is named after the original farm that stood there when Pretoria was founded in the 19th Century. Most streets are named after British royalty and like many areas of the city are lined with large jacaranda trees. This home is located on one of the highest points of the ridge along the extension of Victoria street the steep and rocky natural contours of the property drop dramatically towards the North and open up views over the city and the Magaliesberg mountains beyond. Save this picture!© JAMIE THOMSave this picture!Lower Floor PlanSave this picture!SectionSave this picture!© JAMIE THOMThe design inspiration for the project was based on creating a series of terraces or platforms, claiming back the land which is otherwise falling away and preventing effective use. Each terrace contains selected functions and connects directly to the landscape and the natural level surrounding it. The various existing large indigenous trees guided and shaped the courtyard and open spaces between the main volumes. Breaking up the rather large accommodation requirements of the project into smaller, and separated, elements allow natural and North facing sunlight to pierce into all spaces. The history of architecture is the history of the struggle for light,  Le Corbusier. Essentially the structure is defined with the street level floor structure or element extended out over the property, eventually forming the bedrooms on the upper level deeper into the stand and allowing a commanding view over the city.Save this picture!© JAMIE THOMThe spaces created or unlocked below are viewed as open living areas, enclosed only with glass these ‘voids’ are functional spaces but also extensions of the terrace levels and landscape. Strong and simple shapes that inter connect over the various levels very few elements that achieve a lot. It’s opener, out there, in the wide, open air, Dr. Seuss. Other accommodation, service areas and retaining structure on the lower level are grouped and detailed as a single unfinished concrete element this modular block, made up of 900mm wide form-work panels, fit underneath the upper level and ‘slides’ along the main passage all the way to the basement below street level like a drawer that can be pulled out or pushed in.Save this picture!© JAMIE THOMDoor and window openings have deep setbacks based on equinox solar sun angles and are detailed as openings carved out of a solid mass. The garden is planned as an extension of the same terraced platform idea, separated but connected, which allow for the fire pit, open lawn and kids playground. The lasting impression of the home and the spaces created is the comfortable extension of space and the direct connection to the landscape. Architecture is not based on concrete and steel, and the elements of the soil. It’s based on wonder, Daniel Libeskind.Save this picture!© JAMIE THOMProject gallerySee allShow lessLong-Term Plans: To Build for Resilience, We’ll Need to Design With—Not Against—NatureArticlesArchitecture Classic: Basilica Sanctuary of Our Lady of Tears / ANPARArchitecture Classics Share CopyAbout this officeW design architecture studioOfficeFollow#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesPretoriaOn FacebookSouth AfricaPublished on May 16, 2020Cite: “The TERRACE House / W design architecture studio ” 16 May 2020. ArchDaily. Accessed 10 Jun 2021. 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Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.Go to my stream 2017 Houses Architects: W design architecture studio Area Area of this architecture project The TERRACE House / W design architecture studio ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/939162/the-terrace-house-w-design-architecture-studio Clipboard Year:  South Africalast_img read more

Walk this way

first_img Researchers seek clues among an exceptional group: The injury-free HMS’s Sinclair discusses new nonprofit academy for work on extending the human lifespan Longevity and anti-aging research: ‘Prime time for an impact on the globe’ In the world of step goals and activity trackers, the number 10,000 can sound like a magic one. A large body of evidence shows that physical activity is good for health and longevity, and many wearable devices that track the steps a person takes each day come preprogrammed with a daily goal of 10,000. But few studies have examined how many steps a day are associated with long-term health outcomes.A new study led by investigators from Brigham and Women’s Hospital sought to address this knowledge gap by examining outcomes over an average of more than four years for older women in the Women’s Health Study who had measured their steps for a full week. The team reports that, among this cohort, as few as 4,400 steps a day was significantly associated with lower risk of death compared with taking 2,700 steps a day. Risk of death continued to decrease with more steps taken but leveled off at around 7,500 steps a day — less than the default goal in many wearables. The team’s results were presented Tuesday at the American College of Sports Medicine Annual Meeting and published in JAMA Internal Medicine.“Taking 10,000 steps a day can sound daunting. But we find that even a modest increase in steps taken is tied to significantly lower mortality in older women,” said I-Min Lee, an epidemiologist in the Division of Preventive Medicine at the Brigham. “Our study adds to a growing understanding of the importance of physical activity for health, clarifies the number of steps related to lower mortality, and amplifies the message ‘step more.’ Even a little more is helpful.”According to previous studies, the average American takes between 4,000 and 5,000 steps a day. The origin of the 10,000-step goal is unclear but may trace back to 1965, when a Japanese company began marketing a pedometer called amanpo-kei, which translates to “10,000 steps meter” in Japanese.To conduct their study, Lee and her colleagues included participants from the Women’s Health Study, a randomized trial originally conducted to evaluate risk of cardiovascular disease and cancer among women taking low-dose aspirin and vitamin E. When the original trial ended, participants were invited to take part in a long-term observational study. For the present study of steps and health, almost 18,000 women were asked to wear an ActiGraph GT3X+ accelerometer device — a research-grade wearable — on their hips for seven consecutive days during all waking hours. The team analyzed 16,741 of the women who were compliant with wearing the device; their average age was 72.The women were followed for an average of more than four years, during which time 504 of them died. Participants in the bottom 25 percent of steps walked (averaging 2,700 steps a day) were at the greatest risk of death, with 275 women dying. Those who walked a little more (an average of 4,400 a day) were at 41 percent lower risk of death. Risk of death continued to decrease with more steps walked, up to 7,500 steps per day, after which risk leveled off. The team also found that for women who walked the same number of steps a day, the intensity — how fast or slow they walked — was not associated with risk of death.Due to the observational nature of the study, the authors cannot definitively separate causation from correlation (that is, determine whether more steps lower mortality or women in better health step more). However, the team did take several measures to try to ensure that the association was more likely causal than not, such as excluding women with heart disease, cancer, diabetes, and less than excellent or good self-rated health. The findings also are supported by previous experiments showing that physical activity causes beneficial changes in short-term markers of health such as blood pressure, insulin and glucose levels, lipid profile, inflammation, and more. Related The Women’s Health Study included primarily older, white women, and further research will be needed in younger and more diverse populations to determine if the findings apply to other groups, especially those who, on average, take more steps. Other outcomes, such as quality of life and risk of specific diseases, were not assessed, but will be addressed in future studies.“Of course, no single study stands alone,” said Lee. “But our work continues to make the case for the importance of physical activity. Clearly, even a modest number of steps was related to lower mortality rate among these older women. We hope these findings provide encouragement for individuals for whom 10,000 steps a day may seem unattainable.”Funding for this work was provided by the National Institutes of Health.A co-author of the paper received personal and travel fees from ActiGraph outside of the submitted work and is a member of its scientific advisory board; the device used in this study was selected in 2009, prior to his involvement in the study. Where runners go wronglast_img read more

Hay storage

first_imgHay that is stored outside is subject to wetting and drying cycles that lead to the degradation and leaching of nutrients from the bales. Over time, this causes the fiber (indigestible) component of the forage to represent a larger proportion of the bales dry weight. The loss of nutrients (Total Digestible Nutrients, or TDN) can often be as much as 15 to 20 percent in weathered bales. In between our recent rainstorms, most farmers have been able to get their hay cut, dried, baled and stored. For those who produce hay for on-farm use, hay production can be considered a necessary evil. The result is a fibrous, weathered layer that is very low in quality and unpalatable to livestock. Livestock can often be seen eating the middle out of these round bales leaving a “doughnut”-shaped bale. It is most certainly one of the most costly expenses on beef cattle operations, but in seasons where forages may be scarce, such as winter and summer, hay can be a precious commodity. There are many important factors in hay production that impact the cost, such as fertilizer, weed management, equipment, and time. Hay storage is another cost that must be considered.Regardless of how you store your hay, there will be a cost associated with it. You may not think so if you don’t have hay under an expensive storage barn, but even if your hay is sitting outside on the ground, that hay is costing you more and more every day due to loss of both nutritional value and dry matter. When bales are stored outside and uncovered, weathering may affect depths up to 12 inches. The depth will vary based on factors such as bales tightness (i.e. density), storage on unprotected ground, storage under trees and more. It is a general expectation, however, for a weathered layer of 4 to 6 inches for bales stored outside on the ground. This is important because the outer portions of bales make up for a disproportionate amount of the bale’s volume. Losses of only a few inches represent a substantial loss in terms of total bale volume. And, what you can feed your animal.center_img In Georgia’s humid conditions, storage of hay for several months results in typical losses of 20 to 60 percent with twine and net-wrapped hay outside on shaded ground (compared to only 2 to 10 percent under a barn). Once you determine your hay’s value, you can see how much this is really costing you (and your animals) in the long run.To help mitigate losses on hay stored outdoors, run rows of hay bales on an upland site away from shade from trees. This speeds up the drying process. Place the bales with a north-south orientation and southern exposure. Set bales in rows so that the flat sides are touching — not the round sides. This keeps rain from ponding on top of bales. Also, keep rows at least three feet apart to allow for sunlight and good air circulation. Keeping bales off the ground, either by using pallets, crossties, or rocks, is critical in preventing substantial losses. For example, a weathered depth of only four inches on a 5-foot bale (seven percent in terms of cylinder volume) actually equals a 25 percent loss in terms of forage volume. Other studies have shown that losses of 14 inches on bales equates to losses of 74 percent, nearly three-fourths of a bale could be lost simply because it isn’t stored properly.Hay quality is a key component of animal performance, and proper hay storage is a key component of hay quality. Hay loss can be expected, even under a barn, so mitigation and risk management is the key to maintaining as much of your investment as possible. Building a hay barn can be expensive, but if you’re storing your hay on the ground in the elements, you are most assuredly paying for the cost of a barn and then some whether you want to or not.last_img read more