Electron precipitation from the outer radiation belt during the St Patrick’s Day storm 2015: observations, modelling, and validation

first_imgRecently, a model for medium energy (30–1000 keV) radiation belt‐driven electron precipitation (ApEEP) has been put forward for use in decadal to century‐long climate model runs as part of the Climate Modelling Intercomparison Project, phase 6 (CMIP6). The ApEEP model is based on directly observed precipitation data spanning 2002‐2012 from the constellation of low Earth orbiting Polar Operational Environmental Satellites (POES). Here we test the ApEEP model’s ability using its magnetic local time variant, ApEEP_MLT, to accurately represent electron precipitation fluxes from the radiation belts during a large geomagnetic storm that occurred outside of the span of the development dataset. In a study of narrow band sub‐ionospheric VLF transmitter data collected during March 2015, continuous phase observations have been analyzed throughout the entire St. Patrick’s Day geomagnetic storm period for the first time. Using phase data from the UK transmitter, call‐sign GVT (22.1 kHz), received in Reykjavik, Iceland, electron precipitation fluxes from L=2.8‐5.4 are calculated around magnetic local noon (12 MLT), and magnetic midnight (00 MLT). VLF‐inferred >30 keV fluxes are similar to the equivalent directly‐observed POES fluxes. The ApEEP_MLT >30 keV fluxes for L30 keV flux levels during a large geomagnetic storm, using three different techniques, indicates this flux forcing are appropriate for decadal climate simulations for which the ApEEP model was created.last_img read more

Sumner Regional Medical Center looking to fill housekeeping – 2nd shift position

first_imgSumner Regional Medical Center has an immediate opening for a full-time Housekeeper on our evening shift.  Hours are 11:30 to 8:00 pm, with shared holidays and weekends.  Weekend hours are 7:00 to 3:30 p.m.Full benefits package, including KPERS is offered with this position.  Apply in person at Sumner Regional Medical Center, attn: Traci Smith, 1323 N. A St., Wellington, KS or online at www.srmcks.org.  EOE; Post-offer drug screen required.last_img

Man reportedly sets home on fire to kill his daughter after an argument

first_imgOfficials in Minnesota are reporting that they have arrested a 46-year-old man who reportedly set his mobile home on fire to kill his 22-year-old daughter after an argument.The incident occurred Tuesday in Paynesville.Authorities say they received a call from the victim, Jamey Newport stating that her father was going to set their home on fire. During the phone call, authorities reported that Newport than began screaming and coughing claiming that her father had set the home on fire and that she was trapped inside.A responding officer found black smoke coming out of the mobile home and could hear Newport screaming inside. The officer attempted to get inside the home from there rear where he heard the victim screaming, however, he was unsuccessful before the home was engulfed in flames.The officer then went back to the front of the home, where he found the victim’s father John Newport yelling at the victim through a broken window.He then attempted to get back into the home through a door and then through a broken window but eventually retreated.  He was eventually restrained by the officer and taken to a hospital to for treatment on his injuries.Firefighters arrived to the scene and immediately put out the fire and pulled the victim from the home.She was taken to an area hospital where she was pronounced dead.According to the report, the two argued about Jamey’s plans to move out of the home and that John posted on Facebook Friday that he planned to burn down his house.John has since been taken Stearns County Jail and charged with  second-degree murder.  He remains behind bars on a $2 million bond.last_img read more

NFL attendance issues not just for also-rans

first_imgEMPTY SEATS AT HEINZ FIELD – In this Nov. 10, 2013, file photo, Buffalo Bills quarterback EJ Manuel, left, is flushed out of the pocket by Pittsburgh Steelers free safety Ryan Clark (25) and Jarvis Jones (95) during an NFL football game in Pittsburgh. (AP Photo/Gene J. Puskar, File)by Will GravesAP Sports WriterPITTSBURGH (AP) – Mike Tomlin isn’t much on public gratitude. Still, the perpetually focused Pittsburgh Steelers coach went out of his way to thank the fans who showed up at Heinz Field to watch his team drum the Buffalo Bills 23-10 on Sunday for its third win of the season.“It’s not something we take for granted,” Tomlin said.Good idea.A crowd of 60,406 turned out to watch two teams with a combined 5-12 record play on a cold, blustery day more suited for late-December than three weeks before Thanksgiving. The 5,000 or so who bought their tickets but chose to not make it through the turnstiles were conspicuous, their absence marked by pockets of open gold seats in certain portions of the stadium tucked tight against the Allegheny River.Welcome to life in the new NFL, where “sellouts” are the norm but full houses are becoming the exception, and not just in places like woeful Jacksonville.Blame it on mediocre teams. Blame it on rising ticket prices. Blame in on the comfort of your couch, where it doesn’t cost hundreds of dollars to sit, and the cold beer in your fridge, the one that doesn’t cost $8 a bottle.The Steelers (3-6), who have six Vince Lombardi Trophies in the lobby at team headquarters, are in danger of posting their lowest average attendance since 2003, when they limped to a 6-10 record and missed the playoffs.The franchise is on a similar trajectory this fall in a place that can be tough – by NFL standards – to completely fill even when times are good. Pittsburgh is averaging 61,465 through four home dates, the lowest over the same span since Heinz Field opened in 2001.It’s a trend hitting the league regardless of market size or on-field success. In 2008, only five teams played to stadiums less than 95 percent full. That number has doubled this season at a time when TV ratings are at their best since 2006.The Washington Redskins have one of the NFL’s rising stars in quarterback Robert Griffin III and are playing to just 88.9 percent capacity this season. The surprising New York Jets have the nation’s largest metropolitan area to pull from and only 93.3 of those with tickets are showing up.Then again, New York can be a tough market.Steelers wide receiver Jerricho Cotchery was on the 2007 Jets that limped to a 4-12 record. As the season wore on and the losses mounted, things got weird.“Pittsburgh came to town but it felt like an away game,” Cotchery said. “It was so loud in there. I remember us doing silent count and all of that stuff at home. But we were a bad team. I probably wouldn’t want to take my kid out in the cold and watch a bad team play football.”It can lead, in some instances, to the unnerving realization that players can’t simply rely on the juice – or the vitriol – from the crowd to get amped up.“When we play on the road, certain places are just known for being quiet,” Cincinnati left tackle Andrew Whitworth said. “It’s almost like in the huddle, you have to keep reminding yourself to keep your energy up and realize that some of these places are really quiet and you have to create your own energy a little bit.”The NFL amended its TV blackout rule last year, allowing teams to sell only 85 percent of its prime tickets to meet the threshold necessary to have home games broadcast locally. While the decision has done nothing but goose TV ratings even further, getting folks into the stadium on a regular basis in some cities remains a tough task.Oakland and Jacksonville swath their stadiums in massive drapes that cover entire sections. It reduces capacity but hasn’t exactly increased demand. While the atmosphere has improved with the Raiders, only 81.4 percent of ticket holders make it to their seats. More than 10 percent of those with tickets in Jacksonville don’t bother to get an eyeful of one of the league’s worst teams.Arizona quarterback Carson Palmer is prepping the Cardinals for an “interesting atmosphere” when they visit the Jaguars (1-8) on Sunday, where tickets are going for as low as $8 on StubHub. To be honest, he’s going to miss the opportunity to quiet a hostile environment, mostly because there likely won’t be one.“You can’t worry about any of those outside distractions,” Palmer said. “You’ve just got to focus on doing your job each and every play, and do what it takes to win the game, regardless of how many people are watching or who is in the stands.”Commissioner Roger Goodell continues to stress the in-game fan experience remains important to the league. It also remains important to the bottom lines of owners, if only to fatten their wallets.When Personal Seat Licensing came into vogue, it created a new revenue stream by making fans plunk down thousands just for the right to buy tickets. It priced some longtime season ticket holders out of the market and as the U.S. economy sputtered, so did interest in making a significant financial commitment to get in the door when the living room can be just as inviting and significantly cheaper.And owners continue to press for new stadiums even as evidence mounts that less might be more. Cowboys owner Jerry Jones has turned AT&T Stadium into a virtual ATM since it opened in 2009. Dallas averages more than 86,000 fans a game, well over 100 percent capacity, even as the team continues to hover around .500.The Falcons have barely been in the Georgia Dome two decades and already they’ve struck a deal on a new $1 billion building that will be ready by 2017.The Steelers aren’t greedy enough to ask for new digs, but they are planning to add an additional 3,000 seats at Heinz Field, even though they’ve never averaged more than 63,458 per game since its debut in 2001. All that’s left is deciding who picks up most of the tab. The issue remains in the Pittsburgh courts, though whenever the expansion is complete, the same factors that fans face every Sunday will remain in place.“It’s just how it works,” Cotchery said. “When you’re losing like (we did in New York), those decisions have to be made. Do I go to the game or do I not go to the game? I know it’s tough. “___AP NFL website: www.pro32.ap.org___AP Sports Writers Joe Kay in Cincinnati and Doug Ferguson in Jacksonville, Fla., contributed to this report.last_img read more

Here are 5 things to know about the Preakness

first_imgExercise rider Willie Delgado, center, leads Kentucky Derby winner California Chrome to his stable as trainer Art Sherman, right, watches after a workout at Pimlico Race Course in Baltimore, Thursday, May 15, 2014. The Preakness Stakes horse race is scheduled to take place May 17. (AP Photo/Patrick Semansky)BALTIMORE (AP) — If trainer Art Sherman coughed, no one would care. When his horse coughs, that’s news.Kentucky Derby winner California Chrome coughed after training Thursday, leaving open the possibility the horse wouldn’t be in top shape for Saturday’s Preakness.Sherman’s veterinarian discovered that the colt had a small blister in his throat. Nothing a little mouthwash couldn’t fix.“California Chrome is fine. His throat is fine. He had a little tickle,” said assistant trainer Alan Sherman, Art’s son. “He is not scratching from the Preakness. He is fine. I don’t know why it was blown out of proportion.”California Chrome is being treated with a glycerin throat wash.Now that you know that, here are five more things to ponder about the Preakness:BAD TRIP: Whether it’s a crowded field or just bad luck, Ride On Curlin can’t seem to get a smooth trip around the track.Trainer Billy Gowan bemoaned the unfortunate situation and remained hopeful that a reversal of fortune would improve his seventh-place finish in the Derby.“We just have to get a good trip,” Gowan said. “I think he’s a good horse. I think that’s all we need. And if Chrome stubs his toe a little bit, well that would help.”This is the first Preakness for Gowan, whose horse will be attempting to get into the winner’s circle for the first time in five races since Jan. 14.“There’s only one chance to run in the Preakness,” Gowan said. “The Derby didn’t take much out of him. He’s given me all the signs he wants to run.”ONE IS THE LONELIEST: Dynamic Impact won the Illinois Derby from the No. 1 post position, and that’s where he will be starting Saturday.Problem is, the rail has not been kind to horses in the Preakness.The last 3-year-old to win from the No. 1 post was Tabasco Cat in 1994. Before that, Bally Ache in 1960.Dynamic Impact trainer Mark Casse, another first-timer at the Preakness said, “Things have to go our way and he has to save ground and then move out at some point. We will be closely watching the earlier races, and there could be some last-minute changes in our strategy.”The post position that has produced the most wins, by the way, is No. 6.NEW SHOOTERS: California Chrome, Ride On Curlin and General a Rod are the only three horses to go from the Derby to the Preakness this year.“I don’t know why everybody skipped this race and is pointing toward the Belmont,” said Ron Paolucci, co-owner of Ria Antonia. “There was a lot of bouncing around at the Derby. I think people believe California Chrome is more vulnerable going a mile-and-a-half than a mile-and-3/16ths on this type of track.”The last newcomer to win the Preakness was Rachel Alexandra in 2009, the only horse in Preakness history to win from the 13th post.SPEEED THRILLS: Social Inclusion, the second-favorite in field, has led to gate to wire in his two wins and burst to the lead in his other race, the Wood Memorial, before fading to third.The lightly raced colt is expected to set the pace in the Preakness, too.“We’ll be in good position in the early stages,” owner Ron Sanchez said. “I didn’t like being on the outside in the Wood, but the Pimlico front stretch is a little bit longer. My horse is more experienced now and he is multi-faceted. He has speed and strength.”Sanchez added: “He’s going to finish. In the Wood, the track didn’t help him. This time the track is going to help us.”ODDS AND ENDS: Keep in mind that if California Chrome wins the Preakness, there is no guarantee he will become the first Triple Crown winner since Affirmed in 1978. Thirty-three horses have won the Derby and Preakness, but only 11 backed that up with a win in the Belmont.The largest margin of victory in the Preakness was 11 ½ lengths, by Smarty Jones in 2004. He broke the record of 10 lengths, set by Survivor in 1873.If 30-1 long shot Ria Antonia wins Saturday, she could provide her backers the biggest payday in Preakness history. The record is held by Master Derby in 1975, a 23-1 shot that paid $48.80 to win.last_img read more

Live updates: Warriors vs. Clippers, Monday at 7:30 p.m.

first_imgJoin us for live news and analysis Monday at 7:30 p.m. as the Warriors take to the road to face their new-look rival Clippers in Los Angeles.For the first time in 10 years, the Clippers (7-5) don’t have DeAndre Jordan, Chris Paul or Blake Griffin on their roster when they’ve faced Golden State.The Warriors (11-2) were no doubt impressed by the Clippers’ 128-126 overtime victory over the Bucks, who routed the Warriors a week ago. Lou Williams’ driving layup with 0.3 seconds left gave …last_img

Stupid Evolution Quote of the Week: Handy Dandy Modus Operandi

first_imgCharles G. Gross and Asif A. Ghazanfar win the prize for this gem in Science1 from a book review of The Sensory Hand by Vernon B. Mountcastle (Harvard, 2006):In one of the first systematic attempts to describe the differences between primates and other mammals, Thomas Huxley argued that the former are distinguished by virtue of their adaptation to arboreal life.  Central to this arboreal life is the grasping hand.  Indeed, the primate hand is so fundamental to how we define ourselves that some, including Friedrich Engels, have claimed that hand use (particularly with tools) was the driving force that gave rise to our sophisticated cognitive abilities.  Though this idea is an overstatement, our hands do represent a masterpiece of Darwinian evolution; its elegant design is on a par with the eyes and ears.1Charles G. Gross and Asif A. Ghazanfar, “Neuroscience: A Mostly Sure-Footed Account of the Hand,” Science, 2 June 2006: Vol. 312. no. 5778, p. 1314, DOI: 10.1126/science.1125179.Well, since eyes and ears evolved, obviously, hands must have, too.  In fact, natural selection not only invented the hand, but used it as a driving force for more natural selection.  Now that just drives it out of the park, doesn’t it?  Darwinian evolution makes hands that make Darwinian evolution make brains.  Who needs artists and engineers any more?  Darwinian evolution, the masterpiece maker, the masterpiece-maker maker, renders all other makers obsolete.  It even makes masterpiece critics who know what “elegant design” means.    The reviewers must be communist sympathizers, because they ended with another quote by Engels, a guy on the dustbin of history known more for his radical economics than knowledge of anatomy: “Man alone has succeeded in impressing his stamp on nature … and he has accomplished this primarily and essentially by means of the hand … step by step, with the development [i.e., evolution] of the hand went that of the brain.”  They add, “Mountcastle’s book shows us how we are beginning to understand this process.”    You can’t know you’ve understood a process at the beginning, but only at the end.  Their “masterpiece of Darwinian evolution” statement shows that they understand little, if anything, about the origin of masterpieces.  Their choice of guru (Engels) shows that they understand even less about economics – and logic.(Visited 18 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

SA, Angola strengthen ties

first_img22 February 2005South Africa and Angola have signed four agreements aimed at strengthening economic and social co-operation between the two countries.The agreements, signed by the ministers of both countries in Cape Town last week, formed part of a visit to SA by Angolan Prime Minister Fernando De Piedade Dias Dos Santos.The visit by Dos Santos and his delegation followed Deputy President Jacob Zuma’s visit to Angola in August 2004.Social Development Minister Zola Skweyiya and Angola’s Social Assistance and Reintegration Minister Joao Baptista Kussuma signed an agreement on co-operation in the fields of social protection and re-integration.Trade and Industry Minister Mandisi Mpahlwa and Angolan Transport Minister Andre Luis Brandao signed an agreement on reciprocal promotion and protection of investments.Defence Minister Mosiuoa Lekota and his Angolan counterpart, Kundy Pahyama, signed a protocol on defence cooperation, while Minerals and Energy Minister Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka and Angolan Energy and Water Minister Jose M Botelho de Vasconcelos signed an agreement on cooperation in the field of electricity.Zuma and Dos Santos discussed a wide range of issues during their meetings, including reconstruction programmes in Angola, regional and continental peacekeeping efforts; and conflict prevention, management and resolution in Africa.Angola has an immense natural resource base in the form of oil, gas, diamonds and other minerals.The country, that has endured more than its fair share of civil wars, has the potential for significant exports of coffee and other agricultural products, as well as fertile highlands with a favourable climate and plenty of water.Various SA companies and agencies, including Eskom, the Gauteng Economic Development Agency, Protea Hotels and Absa Bank, have visited Angola recently to explore the possibilities of investing there.In addition, a number of South African churches and NGOs are contributing towards rebuilding Angola after decades of protracted civil war.Source: BuaNewslast_img read more

HIV vaccine breaks new ground

first_imgBy Khanyi MagubaneA major breakthrough in the research, development and testing of HIV vaccines in South Africa is on the cards, following an application by the South African Aids Vaccine Initiative to start human clinical trials on their new vaccines. The application has been sent to the Medicines Control Council (MCC) for approval.Researchers from the University of Cape Town (UCT) have developed two test HIV vaccines, which, if approved, will be the first entirely South African-developed products to reach the human trials stage since the Aids vaccine research process begun.Before a vaccine is given the thumbs up, it is taken through a number of clinical trials. At that stage, it’s called a test vaccine. If the test vaccine fails any of the clinical trials, it is discarded.Dr Glenda Gray, Director of the Perinatal HIV Research Unit at Johannesburg’s Chris Hani Baragwanath Hospital, will be chairing phase one of the clinical trial. She says this phase of the trial will include 12 Americans and 36 South African volunteers. Gray says she is positive about the safety of the vaccine. “The vaccine has been tested in America on animals and similar vaccines to the one we will be testing have been tested on humans before, so we have a good idea what the safety profile will be.”Phase one of the trials will test the tolerability of the two vaccines, Saavi MVA-C and Saavi DNA-C2, on humans – specifically, the response of the immune system. “We want to see if there is a strong immune system response to specific doses of the vaccine,” says Gray. All the participants have been carefully chosen to fall within the low risk sexual behaviour category and their risk of passing on the virus is very minimal.Gray further explains that if the first phase of the clinical trials is successful, Saavi will then conduct phase two, which will now involve hundreds of participants and will involve a more intricate look at the immune system’s response to the vaccine.Should the trials continue on a success path, the process will then advance to phase 2b, which will be the “protection” phase. Participants who fall into the high-risk category will be used in the trial to once again test for the immune system’s response to the vaccine, as well the vaccine’s ability to protect the immune system from the disease. The vaccines were specifically designed to target the strain of HIV-1 subtype C, which is the most prevalent in Southern Africa.Researchers from UCT’s National Health Laboratory Service developed the two vaccines with the help of funding received from Saavi since 2000. The project also received some funding from the National Institutes of Health in the United States. In South Africa, the departments of Science and Technology and of Health, as well as electricity utility Eskom, have also backed the project.Following 12 failures in the past few years, including five last year, Gray says Saavi is positive about these clinical trials. “We are very hopeful. We are using a completely different strategy this time. The vaccine is very clever and we are using a new biological platform.”The process between Saavi and the MCC will include a thorough examination of the safety of the vaccine to use on humans, which will be conducted according to the MCC’s own testing procedures. This process is expected to take an estimated three months before a final decision is reached.HIV/AIDs and South AfricaAt the end of 2006, one in nine or 5.5 million South Africans were living with HIV, with a prevalence of 18.8% in the adult population. HIV prevalence is not yet declining although it has stabilised among young people 15-24 years, reports UNAids.The figure reported by UNAids is 8.8% higher than the results of a national South African HIV survey conducted in 2005, commissioned by the Nelson Mandela Foundation. According to the survey, entitled “South African National HIV prevalence, HIV incidence, behavior and communications survey 2005”, researchers estimated that 10.8% or 4.8 million of all South Africans aged two years and older were living with HIV in 2005. Among those between 15 and 49 years old, the estimated HIV prevalence was 16.2% in 2005.In an increased bid to better understand ways in which to manage the Aids pandemic in the country, more than 4 000 scientists, activists and medical experts gathered in Durban for the third South African AIDS conference in June last year. The conference was conducted under the theme, “Building consensus on prevention, treatment and care”. At the end of the week-long event, an extensive conference declaration was taken, covering seven key areas: HIV testing stategies, social and behavioural interventions, infant feeding, long-term effects of anti-retrovirals, male circumcision, female condoms, and new prevention strategies.The Department of Health has also adopted a HIV and AIDS and STI (sexually-transmitted infections) strategic plan for South Africa, 2007–2011. In its report of the strategy, it states, “Whilst the two main goals of the Operational Plan for Comprehensive HIV and AIDS Care, Management and Treatment for South Africa are to provide comprehensive care and treatment for people living with HIV and AIDS as well as to facilitate the strengthening of the national health system, the National Strategic Plan 2007-2011, is not a plan for the health sector alone. Instead, it seeks to be relevant to all agencies working on HIV and AIDS in South Africa, within and outside the government. The underlying basic premise is the recognition that no single sector, ministry, department or organisation can by itself be held responsible for the control of HIV and AIDS.”Useful linksAvert – international aids charityMedical Research CouncilUNAidsSouth African Aids Vaccine InitiativeThird South African Aids Conferencelast_img read more

PBA gives Chot OK to form best nat’l team

first_imgView comments Trump strips away truth with hunky topless photo tweet At the same time, the league has also moved the opening of its next season to December to accommodate Gilas in the first three home-and-away series of the WCQ as the PBA has now made it sure that Reyes can have the time with his players.Commissioner Chito Narvasa made this announcement in a teleconference with a small group of Filipino media covering the 39th Jones Cup Invitational here and it ends weeks of speculation as to who will represent the Philippines in the Lebanon showcase slated Aug. 8 to 20.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSSEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completionSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSWin or don’t eat: the Philippines’ poverty-driven, world-beating pool stars“It was agreed upon by the board (of governors) that the PBA should participate,” Narvasa said. “The PBA, its coaches in particular, were just informed of the schedule (of the Gilas events), which is important to all of them.”Another thing which the PBA will do is tweak the schedule of the Governors’ Cup, which is set to open on Wednesday, so as not to disrupt the teams that will lend its stars to the team that will play in Beirut. Lacson: SEA Games fund put in foundation like ‘Napoles case’ TAIPEI—The PBA has just gone “all in” for Gilas Pilipinas.In order to help the National team program field the best team possible, the PBA has given the green light to coach Chot Reyes to tap its multimillionaire veterans for the coming Fiba Asia even if the event is not part of the hectic World Cup Qualifying series.ADVERTISEMENT LATEST STORIES Ethel Booba on hotel’s clarification that ‘kikiam’ is ‘chicken sausage’: ‘Kung di pa pansinin, baka isipin nila ok lang’ Hotel says PH coach apologized for ‘kikiam for breakfast’ claim Robredo should’ve resigned as drug czar after lack of trust issue – Panelo Church, environmentalists ask DENR to revoke ECC of Quezon province coal plant FEU Auditorium’s 70th year celebrated with FEU Theater Guild’s ‘The Dreamweavers’ Magsayo world title bid put on hold Gilas Cadet members who are now playing in the Jones Cup will also represent the country in the Southeast Asian Games from Aug. 20 in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, practically assuring the likes of June Mar Fajardo, Terrence Romeo and Calvin Abueva will play in Lebanon.Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. MOST READ Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss PLAY LIST 02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games National Coffee Research Development and Extension Center brews the 2nd National Coffee Education Congresslast_img read more